Crop–livestock integration enhanced soil aggregate-associated carbon and nitrogen, and phospholipid fatty acid – Nature (2022)

“Integrated crop–livestock (ICL) production enhances diversification and provides ecosystem benefits by improving nutrient cycling and energy efficiency, thus, increasing overall farm productivity…It is concluded that ICL and NE systems are sustainable prospects in enhancing overall soil health. Integrating crop and livestock improved physicochemical and microbial properties compared to the traditional corn–soybean system.”